Hip Hop & Rap

Hip Hop & Rap

Two turntables and a microphone.

Cultural Origin

1973 in the Bronx, New York City, New York

Prominent Artists

A Tribe Called Quest, Notorious B.I.G., Grandmaster Flash, Melle Mel, Jay-Z, Missy Elliott, NWA, Public Enemy, Run-DMC, Salt & Peppa, The Roots, The Sugar Hill Gang, Tupac Shakur

Influenced By

Funk, Disco, Soul

Later Influenced

R&B, House, Techno

A DJ at work.
A DJ at work.

About The Genre

“Rap is something you do; hip hop is something you live.”

KRS One

Although often used interchangeably, hip hop and rap are not synonymous. Hip hop represents a culture that spans music, dance, visual art, fashion, and attitude. Rapping, at its most precise definition, is rhythmic rhyming over music.

Hip hop was born in the Bronx (see The Originators) and quickly spread through the other boroughs of New York City. The DJs who worked the various block parties and events were the dominant force, but soon, MCs, or rappers, became stars in their own right.

Around 1983, the next wave of rappers (the new school) came to prominence. Run-DMC was the most influential of the new school rappers. Hip hop entered its "golden age" around 1986. The music became more experimental, the lyrics more complex, and the genre more gender and geographically diversified.

Trivia/Famous Lyrics

DId you know...

Hip Hop continued to be dominated by artists from the New York City area until 1989 when N.W.A.'s album Straight Outta Compton debuted. This was soon followed by work from DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince, from Philadelphia, 2 Live Crew, from Miami, and M.C. Hammer, from Oakland, among others.

Artists from this genre

The Originators

The Originators

The "old-school" creators of hip-hop.

Run-DMC

Run-DMC

The Kings of Rock from Hollis, Queens.

Public Enemy

Public Enemy

They brought a political consciousness to hip-hop.

N.W.A.

N.W.A.

Unapologetic conveyors of urban life in LA.

2Pac

2Pac

A) poet, B) rebel, C) gangsta, D) All the above √

The Notorious B.I.G.

The Notorious B.I.G.

Brooklyn's Big Poppa.

Missy Elliott

Missy Elliott

Missy Misdemeanor conquered a male dominated genre.

Wu-Tang Clan

Wu-Tang Clan

Rap's greatest musical collective.

MORE Genres from this era

House

House

Birthed from the underground clubs of Chicago and New York.

Techno

Techno

Electronic dance music born in Detroit.

Neo Soul

Neo Soul

Soul music makes a return.