Cool & Post-Bop

Cool & Post-Bop

The term covers subgenres like hard bop and free jazz.

Cultural Origin

Early 1960s in New York City and the West Coast

Prominent Artists

The Modern Jazz Quartet, Eric Dolphy, Chico Hamilton, Charles Mingus, Max Roach, Wayne Shorter, Tony Williams, Wynton Marsalis, McCoy Tyner

Influenced By

Hard Bop, Advant-Garde Jazz, Free Jazz

Later Influenced

Modern Jazz

Album cover for Mile Davis's Bitches Brew.
Album cover for Mile Davis's Bitches Brew.

About The Genre

"Post Bop is a modern jazz style that continues the distinguishing characteristics that separate jazz from the world of pop and rock; swing rhythm and extended harmonies (9th chords 11ths, altered chords, etc). Post Bop grew out of the Hard Bop genre during the early to mid-60s as musicians such as Bill Evans, Wayne Shorter, and Herbie Hancock began to introduce more extended harmonies, abstract structures, and looser rhythms in their playing and compositions."
From Essential Tools for Post-Bop Cutting Edge Jazz Improvisation by Olegario Diaz

"Forms, tempos, and meters are freer, all the compositions are new, and the band members themselves are featured composers.... [A]n approach that is abstract and intense in the extreme, with space created for rhythmic and coloristic independence of the drummer—an approach that incorporated modal and chordal harmonies, flexible form, structured choruses, melodic variation, and free improvisation."
Musicologist Jeremy Yudkin

Trivia/Famous Lyrics

DId you know...

In 1969, Miles Davis's producer Teo Marcero sent a memo to executives at Columbia Records which read:
"Miles just called and said he wants this album to be titled: Bitches Brew.
Please advise."

Artists from this genre

Herbie Hancock

Herbie Hancock

Keyboardist, bandleader, and jazz innovator.

Miles Davis

Miles Davis

A jazz maverick and creative force in music 40+ years.

Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Monk

His motto was "There are no wrong notes on the piano."

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